Archaeological sites in Sicily

Thanks to its geographical location, Sicily has always been a necessarily crossing point between East and West and a strategic trade center in Mediterranean sea.

Most ancient evidence of human presence on the isle dates back to Lower Paleolithic but the first settlement is documented only since Upper Paleolithic (35.000 years ago approx.) with “Grotta del Genovese” graffitoes at Levanzo. Besides Mesolithic is well documented by Grotta dell’Uzzo. An economy based on agriculture and sheep-farming started spreading through Sicily around 6000 BC. Many different cultures had been living together on the isle all along Neolithic. On Aeolian Islands they extracted and trade obsidian, a volcanic glass really popular at the time.

Yet in the Bronze age Sicily is in touch with Aegea culture as well as it goes through a hard time because of fightings and invasions by several enemy peoples.

Around VII Century BC, at the time of Greeks colonization, the island had been inhabited by Sicels, Sicani and Elymians. It was invaded also by Phoenicians who settled far to the west. It was a melting pot of peoples and cultures indeed, always on fight between each other and that’s the reason why Sicily never had a real stable situation.

In the west side, Greeks founded many colonies on which the hegemony of Syracuse grew day by day. Chartagenians  arrived on east side and here they gradually annexed Phoenicians’ towns. Later came Romans who powered over them and the whole isle. In the Late Roman Empire Sicily had to face first many barbarian raids. On a second time it was conquered in the following order by Goths, Vandals and finally Byzantines.

Browse the map below for the main archaeological sites of Sicily. One card for each site will give you detailed informations to the visit.

Expand the search area up to
Nearby points of interest
Resize the map
12 Result(s)
  • Title A to Z
Refine Search

The Villa, a UNESCO World Heritage site from 1997, is one of the most important evidence of Roman master's residence because it's sophisticated and beautiful. The splendid architecture dates approximately from the first half of IV century but dating of estate is still unclear.…

Segesta was one of the main cities of Elymian people. They had pretty mainland culture and customs and they originally came from the city of Troy according to tradition. Due to a Hellenise process the city became one of the major urban centres in all of the Mediterranean basin. This fact provided to Segesta the support of Athens and Carthage against the old enemy Selinunnte…

Iaitas (latin "Ietas") was an ancient town in the beautiful upper valley of Jato. Ruins can be found right on top of Monte Iato (852 m above sea level) that looks over the whole valley. The first settlement dates back to the I millennium,…