Archaeological sites in Piedmont

A large part of Piedmont's territory had been overlaining by permafrost every glacial cycles until a

approximately 10.000 years ago and that's the reason why there's not much evidence of human presence from Paleolithic. A small number of traces was found in some areas just outside the prehistoric glaciers' border and in caves. We have traces of settlements from the period between Neolithic and Bronze Age like stilt-houses found at lake of Viverone and at "Lagoni di Mercurago". Besides, prehistoric and protohistoric necropolis are scattered around.

Between Bronze Age and Iron Age even northeastern Piedmont was involved in the great develop of Golasecca culture. But then around IV Century BC came Gauls and melted with Ligurian people based here. When Romans arrived they found a territory inhabited by multiethnic groups made of Celtic-Ligurian people.

Ceasar came first to conquer the region and then Augustus ordered new cities foundation right after conquering the Gauls and to defend mountain crossing points.

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Jiulia Augusta Bagiennorum is the name given by the Romans to an ancient center founded by the Ligurian Bagienni, a people that occupied the territory between the Po and the Panaro. To the ancient center a colony founded by the Romans would have been superimposed, around 25 a.C. The ancient city is located about 2 km from the modern town of Bene Vagienna.…

Libarna is an ancient Roman city on the banks of the Scrivia. Located near a road artery and a railway junction, it still maintains its strategic position as it was during the Imperial age when it was on the Postumia road, an important commercial and traffic artery.…
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