The name of Lombardy comes from Longobards, a barbaric group settled in the area since 568 AD. Indeed the region has been very busy since Upper Paleolithic.
In the Neolithic Lombardy's territory was inhabited by many different communities and in the Bronze Age the most representative was Remedello culture. The region is exemely populated at the time especially around lakes and close to the rivers.
In late Bronze Age we can point out two different areas: a stilt-houses settlements' civilization on west side and a multiethnic group on east where Golasecca culture overcomes in early Iron Age. Meanwhile prehistoric art has been spreading through the west area in the caves of Valcamonica and Valtellina. In particular, Valcamonica rock drawings are known as the jewel of archeology in Lombardy.
By VI Century BC the region has been invaded by Etruscans from South and Celtics from North until III Century BC when Romans came in. Under Augustus Empire Lombardy's territories were included in Regio X and Regio XI. There's evidence of Roman time in every city of Lombardy. Unfortunately many archaeological areas were smothered by massive urban developement in the seventies. The regional territory looked uniform just in the Longobard time.