Archaeological sites in Campania

Campania is made of hills and plain coastlines. It’s always been plenty of human settlements. Rivers crossing Appennine Mountains form beautiful flat grounds, but the very special thing is the volcanic area.

Human presence in Campania is testified since Paleolithic but there isn’t much evidence due to a very intrusive human interference.

Tools from Paleolithic were found especially on Campania’s islands as well as materials from Neolithic age. The wide flat ground surrounding Capua was an Osci domain close to the end of the Bronze age. They surely got in touch with Villanovian civilization.

When Greeks came in VIII century AD they really had an influence all along the coastline. Their culture was in sharp contrast with the inland Etruscan civilization. Rivalry between these two civilizations grew day by day until Etruscans gave up in V century BC. At the time Campania is also invaded by Samnit clans moving from mountains to the flat ground areas.

Early Samnite invasions put a stop to Greek influence but then again it spreads through, even among Samnites, until Romans came and put a stop to Greek’s expansion for good. Romans produced a few of great architectural works in the region that prospers under their influence. But Vesuvius eruption in 79 AD is a shock for the local economy and for development in the area. A catastrphic event at all.

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The ancient Pompeii is a magical place. It’s worth seeing at least once in your life. It was buried in lava from the Vesuvius volcano in AD 79, so it’s an exciting experience to visit the city and full of vibes. Pompeii was at the top of its vitality and magnificence, when the ash started to rain down covering the whole city within few minutes in about 20 feet of volcanic material.…

When you get Paestum, you suddenly be amazed by the very well-preserved city walls of almost 5 Km that still surround the urban core and would have originally been 7 mt high. The site is famous for its three temples that are still very well preserved and monumental. The ancient Poseidonia was a city founded in the VII century. B.C. from Greeks.…

The city of Herculaneum rise on a volcanic quay at the edge of a cliff by the sea. The view is amazing. No one could describe it fair enough with bare words. It wasn't spared by the eruption of Vesuvius in the year 79 AD. It had been buried under 75 feet of ashes, as near Pompeii, untill the excavations by Borbons that brought it back into the world.…